TOWL-4

£288.00 £220.00

In stock

This comprehensive, norm-referenced test of written expression is now available in a fully updated Fourth Edition. The TOWL-4 can be used to:

Identify students who write poorly and need special help
Determine writing strengths and weaknesses
Document progress in special writing programmes

In stock

SKU: TOWL Category:

Description

This comprehensive, norm-referenced test of written expression is now available in a fully updated Fourth Edition. The TOWL-4 can be used to:

Identify students who write poorly and need special help
Determine writing strengths and weaknesses
Document progress in special writing programmes

Like the previous edition, the TOWL-4 assesses the conventional, linguistic, and conceptual aspects of writing. It includes seven subtests—five using contrived formats and two requiring spontaneous writing samples.

Contrived-Format Subtests

  • Vocabulary
  • Writing sentences that incorporate given stimulus words
  • Spelling
  • Writing sentences from dictation, making proper use of spelling rules
  • Punctuation
  • Writing sentences from dictation, making proper use of punctuation and capitalisation rules
  • Logical Sentences
  • Editing illogical sentences so that they make better sense
  • Sentence Combining
  • Integrating the meaning of short sentences into single, grammatically correct sentences

Spontaneous-Format Subtests

  • Contextual Conventions
  • Writing a story in response to a stimulus picture and earning points for satisfying specific orthographic and grammatical requirements
  • Story Composition
  • Writing a story that is evaluated for vocabulary, plot, prose, character development, and interest to the reader

Individually administered in 60 to 90 minutes, the TOWL-4 can be used with students aged 9-0 to 17-11. Equivalent forms (A and B) are available to simplify pre- and post – testing.

The test provides percentiles, standard scores, age equivalents, and grade equivalents for each subtest. In addition, three Composite Scores are available: Overall Writing, Contrived Writing, and Spontaneous Writing. Norms, based on an age- and grade-stratified sample of 2,505 individuals from 18 states, reflect the demographic characteristics of the U.S. population.

Studies reported in the Manual document the predictive validity of the TOWL-4 and demonstrate that the test is unbiased relative to gender and race. The TOWL-4 is extremely helpful to professionals who assess and treat writing deficits.

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